Gingival stippling pdf
similar gingival enlargement involving, to various extents, the maxilla as well as the mandible, which was treated at various pointsoftime. Gum, in anatomy, connective tissue covered with mucous membrane, attached to and surrounding the necks of the teeth and adjacent alveolar bone. more vascular, absence of stippling; the periodontal ligament fibres being wider and less dense. Before the erupting teeth enter the mouth cavity, gum pads develop; these are slight elevations of the overlying oral mucous membrane. Signs and symptoms may include characteristic facial features, small head size, growth and developmental delays, and intellectual and behavioral problems. Clinically, a pink gingiva with marked stippling can be seen to cover almost all the tooth, in many cases preventing eruption. At the first visit, the periodontal photostatus displays untreated chronic periodontitis with abundant dental plaque and calculus deposits, gingival redness and swelling, and an alteration of the gingival texture (i.e., loss of gingival stippling).
The attached gingiva is a masticatory mucosa (see Chapter 9).Healthy attached gingiva is pink in color, with some areas of melanin pigmentation possible (see Figures 2-10 and 9-22).The tissue when dried is dull, firm, and immobile, with varying amounts of stippling.The width of the attached gingiva varies according to its location. The signs and symptoms of lead poisoning may be difﬁcult to recognise, and with a low level of suspicion and without appropriate testing, the diagnosis can be difﬁcult. The basic function of the gingival fiber groups (apparatus) is to maintain the free gingiva and junctional epithelium in close approximation to the tooth. Lead exposure in adults occurs in numerous work settings, such as the manufacture or use of batteries, solder, paint, and ceramics. It is a result of the interlocking of the dermal papillae and the rete pegs Stippling is generally considered to be an indication of healthy gums. Figure 2 (a,b,c): Postoperative views of patient’s gingiva after scaling and root planing and drug substitution.
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This is a primary course textbook providing a comprehensive and easy-to-understand presentation of periodontics for dental hygiene students. Surface texture Stippling present • Due to the attachment of gingival fibers to underline bone. Practically : determination of gingival properties, inspection of gingiva, diagnosis of stippling, measurement of attached gingiva , measurement of the depth of gingival sulcus – in all quadrants. with loss of stippling, extending apically from the gingival margins to the alveolar mucosa is a frequent observation. peared to be mildly swollen, glazed, devoid of stippling and spongy in consistency. The overlying gingiva was pink, nonerythematous, and of semifirm consistency with loss of stippling. 1.2.e Surface texture: Generalizeg stippiled attached gingival Glossy, shiny w/ loss of stippling I.3. Attached Gingiva: Uniform, adequate width of attached gingival all around the teeth, except in area of # 31.
The gingiva appears as swollen, devoid of stippling, and pale red to deep purple in color. Gingival was bluish in colour with presence of ecchymosis in the floor of the mouth . The differences in distribution of stippling by gender and arch were not statistically significant (Chi square, p>0.05). Gingival enlargements are quite common and may be either inflammatory, noninflammatory, or a combination of both.
∙ layers and any stippling.
∙ Epithelium of the Gingiva.
∙ Summary - All Lectures [e35pgqpd456r].
∙ Process of shedding and eruption.
∙ exaggerated stippling.
∙ Natural Stippling Technique .
∙ patient was recorded.
∙ edematous with loss of stippling.
The text focuses on the hygienist's role in periodontal therapy and makes effective use of an instructional design that facilitates teaching and learning the material without watering it down. Gingival inflammation is caused by bacterial plaque (dental biofilm) that accumulates daily on the teeth. Prednisone 80 mg orally daily and intra-venous immunoglobulin 30 grams daily for five days were started. The lips are normally symmetrical, pink, smooth, and moist.There should be no growths, lumps, or discoloration of the tissue. 3 — Advanced gingivitis and periodontitis: Untreated gingivitis usually will progress to attachment loss. Enlarged gingiva cover the crowns of teeth in the posterior region and interfere with occlusion. This paper presents a case of 9-year-old female patient suffering from HGF with chief complaint of mouth protrusion.
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Stippling used to be thought to indicate health, but it has since been shown that smooth gingiva is not an indication of disease, unless it is smooth due to a loss of previously existing stippling. Gingival thickness was measured by the ability to see the graded periodontal probe through gingival tissue.7 Recessions of the gingival margin in respect of the cementoenamel junction were measured at six different sites per tooth. Considering all the gingival findings the following treatment plan was given : Thorough scaling and root planning. One of the top complaints of polymer frame gun owners is grip discomfort or a slippery feel. Gingival stippling is a characteristic of the healthy attached gingiva and its diminution or loss has been considered as a sign of gingival disease. clinical alterations are characterized by gingival redness, swelling, loss of stippling and bleeding. 1 The clinical signs of gingivitis include erythema, bleeding on probing, and edema. Gum disease is an inflammation of the gums that can progress to affect the bone that supports your teeth.
The alveolar bone (C) is surrounded for the most part by the subepithelial connective tissue of the gingiva, which in turn is covered by the various characteristic gingival epithelia. University of Illinois, College of Dentistry, 808 South Wood Street, Chicago, Illinois. 1 A film of plaque adhering to the free gingival margin and adjacent area of the tooth. Gingival Hyperplasia: Non-inflammatory enlargement of the gingivae produced by factors other than local irritation. is of the hypochromic, microcytic type with basophilic stippling of the red cells. Most prevalent form Slow progressing Clinical features :- Supra gingival and sub gingival plaque with calculus formation, gingival inflammation Pocket formation, loss of periodontal attachment and loss of alveolar bone. This debris can be easily burnished off revealing the anatomy you had before--do not re-carve. Stippling may disappear giving a smooth and shiny appearance to gums In mild cases of gingivitis, patients may not even know they have it; however the condition should be taken seriously and addressed immediately.
Biochemical characterization of the disease is complicated as it is an episodic disorder that is believed to cycle through periods of high activity and quiescence. The cementum is the surface layer of the tooth root, covering the dentine (which is labeled B).Rather than being a passive entity like paint on a wall, cementum is a dynamic entity within the periodontium.It is attached to the alveolar bone (C) by the fibers of the periodontal ligament and to the soft tissue of the gingiva by the gingival fibers (H). Malaria remains a global health problem with an estimated three to five hundred million new cases occurring each year. Characteristic GI clinical signs include erythema, edema, loss of gingival stippling, and bleeding upon probing (Mariotti, 1999).
▫ loss of stippling (Fig 1 A&B).
▫ 35 Full PDFs related to this paper.
▫ observed varying in extent and severity.
▫ Lip Contours and Lip Biting; 11.
▫ implant placement 291.
▫ mentioned in current literature.
▫ A short summary of this paper.
▫ Exaggerated stippling may be present.
gingival colouring powders, special liquid and full training material - Refill bottles are also available. Hemolysis work up was negative.Abdominal ultrasound showed unremarkable spleen and liver.
ing, loss of stippling and the gingiva may be spongy in texture.
Hereditary gingival ﬁbromatosis is a rare condition characterised by severe gingival hyperplasia that can occur as an isolated disease or as part of a syndrome or chromosomal abnormality. The gum surface texture (stippling) was assessed visually and evaluated qualitatively. There is either gingival bleeding upon gentle probing with the side of an explorer or the inflammation has spread to the attached gingiva. The tissues of the periodontium combine to form an active, dynamic group of tissues. On palpation, gingiva was soft and oedematous without stippling and was tender on palpation. vivax contributes seventy to eighty million new cases to the annual worldwide burden of disease, especially in temperate regions (1). A large number of studies have been reported in the literature on mucosal changes in oral submucous fibrosis.
report, rapid gingival hyperplasia was the main reason of the patient to seek dentist consultation. Assessment of gingival thinness was made by measuring levels of translucency on a scaled probe (C).
The alveolar bone of the child has more marrow spaces, lesser trabeculation and calcification with greater blood supply and lymphatic drainage. A lead line may appear on gingival tissues, and in severe cases of poisoning , paralysis of the extensor muscles of the wrist, and less often of the ankles, can occur . Bleeding on probing (BOP+), which was checked by running the probe in the sulcus area, was seen in 23.5% of the sites in the asso-ciated dentition (ﬁgure 1). In healthy attached gingiva “stippling” is seen which appears as small pits in the epithelium and are due to deep rete pegs.